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Fall flow Legend

Fall river Legend

The conversation between Agnes de Mille and also Morton Gould that opens this recording serves to administer a fascinating description of the creation of the loss River Legend Ballet. Their words were tape-recorded in miss out on de Mille"s house on October 24, 1990 (to the accompaniment that occasional new York city traffic). To this chronicle of historical events little need it is in added, other than to say the the exact date of the premiere was April 22, 1948.

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However, the listener can find useful a closer summary of just how the Ballet"s activity relates come the music sections delineated on the disc. The an easy story line adheres to the infamous Lizzie Borden murder case. Notorious, at least, on these shores. When the Ballet to be presented in Russia, the location was interpreted as “The Legend the the fall River.”

The music opens with an i can not forget shriek from the orchestra which instantly informs us of the black deeds that space to follow. This will not it is in a comedy. We watch Lizzie standing prior to the Gallows (which, as you will hear miss out on de Mille say, is to be believed of as one of the characters in the story). After this short “Prologue,” the Speaker for the jury reads the indictment versus “The Accused.” as the indigenous of this message unfold, relenten in reasonably graphic information the information the diverse mortal wounds inflicted ~ above the victims, Morton Gould has written a stately hymn for string trio. An interesting sidelight: In the original score, Gould has actually indicated the the indictment to be to it is in “intoned by chorus,” however at very early stage, this principle was replaced by the solo reading which us hear. By the way, a “True Bill” is a legal term which shown that the Jury, in fact, endorses the problem of the Indictment.

The speaker climate addresses Lizzie herself and takes us back into the past, whereby the significant developments that the plot take place. In “Waltzes,” Lizzie turns to see herself as a child living in tranquility with her Father and real Mother. The child-like persona the Lizzie is reinforced by a fleeting quotation of “Chopsticks” in the Orchestra. Native this allude until the “Lullaby,” the larger Lizzie watches the activity of the Ballet as an outside observer, occasionally trying to participate, almost like a ghost weaving v the personalities on stage, but unseen by them. She has actually the advantage of “time-travel” i m sorry affords her wisdom about the occasions that will influence the Young Lizzie, but she cannot affect the food of history. Against the elevator of the score"s luxury waltzes, Lizzie"s mom collapses and also must it is in taken home, The angry woman who will eventually end up being Lizzie"s Stepmother is seen among the Townspeople.

“Elegy” starts as a soft Pas de Deux danced through Lizzie"s Mother and Father. The two Lizzies sign up with in this scene, an extremely often shadowing each other as the enlarge Lizzie relives the past. Soon, a second attack strikes down Mrs. Borden and she is carried into the residence (“Interlude”). When the adult garb Lizzie in a black color mourning dress, we know that her Mother has actually died. Every she has left is her Mother"s shawl. Wasting no time, the “other woman” slips into the house to console the grieving Father. To add insult to injury, she commandeers the Mother"s shawl indigenous Lizzie and we sadly realize that she will certainly soon end up being the second Mrs. Andrew Borden.

After that has end up being clear that Lizzie"s dad prefers the company and solace that the brand-new Stepmother to the of his daughter, the “Dirge” begins. In this dance of grief, Lizzie experience a metamorphosis. Her sorrow currently seems replaced by a cold, emotionless resignation. The Young Lizzie fades from the scene and also now, for the very first time, Lizzie herself enters the house and takes her place in the story with her new family.

“Lullaby” sets the atmosphere of extreme tedium because that the Bordens. The 3 rocking chairs in the residence are set in an arc and also their passengers rock forward and ago in one exaggerated type of sluggish motion. Lizzie is suffocating native boredom. She every relocate is thwarted by her Stepmother that misses no opportunity to poison Mr. Borden"s mind on the subject of his daughter. It begins to take place to the Stepmother that a plausible assault might consists the insurance claim that Lizzie is “touched in the head.”

Eventually Lizzie cannot was standing the pressure and goes exterior for relief. Below she coincidentally meets through the knowledge Pastor and it is clear that his tenderness provides him attractive come her. As soon as the parents feeling that Lizzie is developing this relationship, her Father summons her ago inside the house. Lizzie goes straight for the door at the rear of the sitting room and also re-appears through the Axe. The music get a sinister climax as the elder Bordens recoil in fear, yet Lizzie just goes outside, chops some firewood, and also leaves the Axe imbedded in a tree stump. When she return to the house, she calmly bids the others to resume their positions in your rocking chairs. The ironical feeling of their needless panic sends Lizzie right into peals that laughter, but at the last bars that the Lullaby, we check out her face straighten and also we realize the the Bordens" reaction has actually planted a devastating seed in Lizzie"s mind.

“Serenade” is the Nocturne referred to by Agnes de Mille in the videotaped conversation. Danced by miscellaneous romantic couples, that serves only to reveal Lizzie"s fruitless dreams of young love.

When she emerges from her sad reverie, Lizzie confronts the Axe again—this time v renewed respect. In Lizzie"s mind, the conclusion has actually been reached that when the Axe is the method to Death, it is also her passport come Freedom and also Life. In this complex emotional dichotomy, Lizzie strokes the manage of the Axe with the very same tenderness as one would usage stroking the head the a child and Goulds has listed a restatement that the tenderness Hymn which underscored the reading of the Indictment.

Help is on the way, however. The pastor arrives with a bouquet of flowers to formally deliver the “Invitation to the Church Social.” Lizzie seems happy about this as they briefly run together. Keep in mind the composer"s use of the exact same melody as in the “Elegy” - the loving duet of she Mother and Father. Small time transpires before the Stepmother intervenes and whispers she suspicions around Lizzie"s condition to the Pastor. It practically works, however the sensitive clergyman waits it rotates the elders room gone and re-issues the invitation. Lizzie accepts, and furthermore flaunts her independence by the significant act of going to the house, pulling the shawl native the Stepmother"s shoulders, blatantly placing it on she own, and also triumphantly accompanying the minister to the Social.

The “Church Social” itself boasts a musical fabric that magically invokes the setting of a small, church-oriented, brand-new England town at the turn of the century. Somehow, Morton Gould has actually pulled off this trick without quoting any kind of indigenous music material; it"s every original. Lizzie is introduced right into the congregation and finds immediate, heat acceptance. She conveniently joins in the social/religious activities and us surely obtain the impression that she “belongs.”

The `Hymnal Variations” follow practically without pause and also Gould has noted a setting for the Pas de Deux of Lizzie and also the pastor in the kind of a set of variations the continually grow in intensity. Agnes de Mille has actually said that this is no a quite dance. That is a “knock down, traction out fight” within the minister is battling the evil one for Lizzie"s soul. By the time the storm subsides, it shows up as though the clergyman has actually won—not just the bottle, yet Lizzie"s heart together well.

Happy times proceed for Lizzie and her new love. When the “Cotillion” begins, she and the Pastor room finding great joy in their relationship. This is the critical of the three (Waltzes, Church Social, Cotillion) large ensemble dances and Gould has composed a major setting of an excellent color and also power. But suddenly the Stepmother appears and once again does her “whispering” bit. Lizzie is distraught. Just when there was hope of finding peace and true love, this loathsome woman mirrors up and threatens the girl"s happiness. Unfortunately, this time the works. The Stepmother has finally persuaded the pastor that Lizzie is, indeed, holy spirit disturbed and that the two women have to go residence together. At very first hesitating, the Pastor soon acquiesces.

Beaten, however with a patience born of fulminating retribution, Lizzie progressively returns home (“Cotillion Coda”). She goes straight for the Axe and there is no doubt that she knows exactly what she is doing. She covers the instrument with her skirt, goes right into the house and suddenly turns to expose the weapon. The elder Bordens recoil simply as lock did towards the finish of “Lullaby.” yet this time Lizzie is no laughing. With her attributes contorted by anguish, she covers her challenge with she hand—blackout.

We never see the really murder. Instead, the “Death Dance” is one ethereal type of dream succession wherein Lizzie dances v the spirit of she dead Mother. We have actually a pretty an excellent idea what has happened due to two facts: 1) The remarkable backdrop that Oliver smith which depicts the 3 empty rocking chairs standing in a swimming pool of blood and also 2) The blood-soaked petticoat Lizzie is wearing. She tries to cover the blood stains, yet the Mother forces her to expose them and then slaps her hand—as she can have in real life—and abandons Lizzie must challenge the consequences of she act alone.

The music stops. In dead silence we are went back to reality and the Borden home. Tiny by little, people are collection outside, obviously attractive by what must have actually been a rather noisy event. They are trying to obtain a glimpse the the inside of the house. Tho in silence, Lizzie slowly shows up from the earlier room. She stares out the window at the crowd. They rigid back. Silence. She gradually moves towards the door. The anxiety is overwhelming. All of sudden she bolts indigenous the house, her mouth broad open in a “voiceless scream.” The music explodes into the “Mob Scene.” just a pointer of this interminable silence is contained in this recording, but the idea is clear. The townspeople rush into the house and discover the double murder. They lug out the blood-stained shawl and also the axe and also lay them in ~ Lizzie"s feet. Within the turmoil of the orchestra have the right to be heard a fragment that the Dies Irae—always evoking the fact of death. The house us dismantled revealing the Gallows. The pastor appears and tires to calm Lizzie. Slowly, the chaos subsides and also panic is changed by resignation.

As the “Epilogue” begins, the crowd progressively disperses, leaving just Lizzie and also the Pastor. Lastly it is Lizzie alone., just as it is claimed that at the minute of death, a person"s life “passes prior to their eyes,” Morton Gould has listed the musical equivalent. In this slowly building Death March, themes indigenous the key moments in Lizzie"s life space woven into the structure: The Pastor"s Hymn, the Cotillion, the Dream Sequence, the Rocking Chairs, and also finally the shriek that the Gallows itself. With a last timpani roll, Lizzie encounters her punishment and also the Ballet is ended.

The popular orchestral suite that the composer has attracted from this score consists of the complying with episodes: Prologue and also Waltzes, Elegy, Church Social, Hymnal Variations, Cotillion, and also Epilogue.Notes by Andrew Kazdin

Morton Gould

Morton Gould ranks as among the elder statesmen of the American music world. He has actually attained world-wide renown together a symphonic composer and conductor; a composer that film, television, Broadway and also ballet scores; and recording artist. Top top April 30, 1986 he added leadership that the joined States" foremost performing rights company to this perform of achievements, once he was chosen President of the American culture of Composers, Authors and also Publishers. He has served top top ASCAP"s board of Directors due to the fact that 1959, and has to be a member due to the fact that 1935. Together President the ASCAP, Gould see his function as representing “the creators and also publishers of our totality musical palette—past, present and future.”

Gould"s countless honors incorporate a Grammy Award and also twelve Grammy nominations the 1983 yellow Baton Award, gift by the American Symphony Orchestra League; and the 1985 Medal that Honor for Music indigenous the nationwide Arts Club. In 1986, Gould was elected to the American Academy and also Institute of Arts and Letters, and also was presented with the national Music Council"s golden Eagle Award.

Born December 10, 1913 in Richmond Hill, brand-new York, Morton Gould got early an important attention as a piano prodigy, and for his composing and improvising abilities—his an initial composition was released at the age of six. Many of his musical studies were through Abby Whiteside in piano and also Dr. Vincent Jones in composition. By the moment he was twenty-one, Gould to be conducting and arranging a weekly collection of orchestra/radio programs because that the WOR mutual Network. Numerous of his works and orchestral setups were introduced on these broadcasts.

Morton Gould"s work is known for its distinctively American flavor, integrating folk, blues, jazz, gospel and also western elements. Among his an ext popular symphonic works are: Latin-American Symphonette, Spirituals because that Orchestra, Tap dance Concerto, Jekyll and also Hyde Variations, American Salute, and Derivations for Clarinet and also Band (written for the late Benny Goodman). Gould"s “Pavanne,” native his Second Symphonette, has come to be one of the many performed crucial standards.

His music has been commissioned by symphony orchestras almost everywhere the joined States, as well as by the Library of Congress, the chamber Music culture of Lincoln Center, The brand-new York City Ballet and the American Ballet Theatre. His compositions have been performed worldwide and by nearly every American orchestra, big and small, under the direction the both today"s eminent conductors and many notable conductors that the past consisting of Arturo Toscanini, Leopold Stokowski, Dimitri Mitropoulos, and Fritz Reiner.

As composer because that the ballet, Gold has actually collaborated v the most influential choreographers on such functions as Clarinade and also Audubon through George Balancine; Inerlay and also I"m Old Fashioned through Jerome Robbins; Halftime and Santa Fe Saga v Elliot Feld; and The Rib the Eve and Fall river Legend and Agnes de Mille. Both Interplay and Fall flow Legend have took pleasure in recent significant revivals, as had Gould"s Tap dance Concerto.

Gould"s videotaped output is vast, having conducted over 100 LP"s on the Decca, Columbia and RCA labels. Few of these space being reissued top top compact disc. The documents run the gamut indigenous symphonies to pop standards. Gould"s own symphonic works and also scores for film, television and ballet have been tape-recorded by him as well. That was likewise in the head of the new digital recording modern technology as at an early stage as 1978 v albums because that the Chalfont and also Varese Sarabande labels. He has had numerous Grammy nominations and the landmark record which winner him the 1966 Grammy for timeless album the the year was of Charles Ives" First Symphony v the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.

Milton Rosenstock

Mr. Rosenstock received a new York Philharmonic scholarship in ~ the age of thirteen to research clarinet through Mr. Simeon Bellison, He continued his musical research studies at Juilliard, receiving a fellowship in conducting to work-related with Albert Stoessel and one in composition to work-related with Vittorio Giannini and Bernard Wagenaar. Mr. Rosenstock do his conducting debut at the Brooklyn Academy of Music v the Brooklyn civic Orchestra and also subsequently performed the an initial all-Schubert festival there.

Rosenstock served five years in the army and also was Music director of “This is the Army.” He functioned with Irving Berlin and also conducted albums for all major recording studios. He has composed for film, television, the concert hall, and Broadway musicals, including a cooperation with Ogden Nash. Mr. Rosenstock wrote, directed, arranged, and conducted four movies for German television (Huckleberry Finn, cut Weill, Girl Crazy, and Gershwin) and two documentaries for American television. He has actually been Music director of the American Ballet Theatre whereby he conducded the debut of Cynthia Gregory in Swan Lake and also conducted the premier that Eliot Feld"s an initial ballet Harbinger. Mr. Rosenstock has been Music manager of the run theatre of Harlem due to the fact that 1981. Elected to Who"s who in 1940, Mr. Rosenstock has received the external Circles Award and also the Alice M. Ditson Award because that conducting.

Brock Peters

Prominent Actor-Producer, Brock Peters is just one of the many respected members that the to chat industry. His much-awarded personal career consists of a gold Globe award for “To kill A Mockingbird” and also nomination because that the “L-Shaped Room;” a Tony nomination for the music “Lost in the Stars;” three picture awards, 2 Drama desk awards; one Emmy award; the N.A.A.C.P. National Humanitarian award; the nationwide Life success award native the national Film culture and one more from the nationwide N.A.A.C.P. He was awarded a Ph.D. In fine Arts by Otterbein College for career experience and is the recipient of Honorary Doctorates from Sienna fine Arts College, the university of Michigan and also from the college of Arizona.

A an initial generation American, (born in Harlem the a French African father from Senegal and West Indian mother) that is a graduate of brand-new York"s famed Music and also Art High School. At brand-new York City College, his physics prowess made that a optimal track and also basketball university athlete. Luckily, the couldn"t resist performing. A couple of bars that “Old male River” at an audition persuaded the producer to give him the function of “Jim” in a rebirth of “Porgy and Bess,” and also the job began.

Mr. Peters is co-founder the the dance Theatre that Harlem (with Arthur Mitchell and Cicely Tyson) and was the Chairman for the an initial twelve year of the impressive development of that now internationally famed institution. As a trustee the the brand-new Dance Gallery facility in downtown Los Angeles, he will have the distinction of having helped to discovered two major dance institutions in the United claims on both the East and also West Coasts.

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Dance Theatre of Harlem

Arthur Mitchell, President and Artistic Director

This record of Fall flow Legend, i beg your pardon is a civilization premier recording of the finish score, is an outgrowth the the run Theatre the Harlem"s 1983 production. This standard American ballet to be presented to rave reviews by the run theatre the Harlem, under the direction of artistic Director Arthur Mitchell. The 1983 production starred Virginia Johnson as Lizzie Borden and also was an installed for dance Theatre that Harlem by the original creative team: choreographer Agnes de Mille, staged because that DTH by Enrique Martinez, costumes through Stanley Simmons and scenery by Oliver Smith. The score was carried out by the composer, Morton Gould.