William de la Pole (died 21 June 1366)
The de la Pole household rose indigenous lowly origins as wool sellers of Hull to the highest echelons of late fifteenth-century society.
The an initial step along this meteoric increase to strength was one wilhelm de la Pole, a wealthy and successful wool merchant who born about 1290-95, believed to it is in the boy of william of either Hull or Ravenser, he is retacoemojishirt.comgnized to have had actually two brothers, Richard de la Pole (died 1345) was also a vendor of Hull and also a younger brother, John. By 1317, William lived in the post of deputy tacoemojishirt.comme the imperial Chief Butler and chamberlains that Hull. He exported big quantities of structure from Hull and detailed finance to King Edward II.
Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl that Suffolk (c. 1330 - 5 September, 1389)
Michael de la Pole, the child of William and also his wife Catherine Norwich, was to increase much greater than his father, he came to be Edward III"s tacoemojishirt.comok financier, and served under Edward"s boy Edward, the black Prince and also John the Gaunt, duke of Lancaster. He later struck a nearby friendship v Edward"s grandson and heir, Richard II. Richard appointed him Chancellor in 1383, and later elevated him to the peerage as Earl that Suffolk in 1385, Michael to be the very first of his household to be granted an aristocratic title.The de la Pole Family
However, de la Pole"s luck walk not host out, he was accused the treason by the Lords Appellant in November 1387 and also before the "Merciless Parliament" met in February 1388, that fled to Paris. Michael tacoemojishirt.comntinued to be in exile in France for the rest of his life through his title to be stripped indigenous him.
Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (1367 - 17 September 1415)
Michael de la Pole, the 2nd Duke the Suffolk was the eldest boy of the very first Earl and his wife Katherine Wingfield, the daughter that Sir man Wingfield. That made frequent attempts to have his father"s lands and title revitalized to him finally meeting v success on the issue in between 1389 and 1392. He offered the crown in a armed forces capacity but largely stayed out of national politics
Michael married Katherine de Stafford, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl that Stafford, their marriage created a huge family that at the very least eight children. The actacoemojishirt.commpanied King Henry V top top his 1415 campaign in France on i m sorry he tacoemojishirt.comntracted dysentery and also died throughout the siege that Harfleur in September 1415, his eldest son, Michael de la Pole, briefly the 3rd Earl, died shortly after in ~ the battle of Agintacoemojishirt.comurt.
William de la Pole, 1st Duke the Suffolk (16 October 1396 - 2 may 1450)William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk
wilhelm de la Pole, who attributes in Shakespeare"s "Henry VI" was the 2nd son that Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl that Suffolk, and Katherine de Stafford, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, setacoemojishirt.comnd Earl of Stafford. He tacoemojishirt.commbated in Henry V"s French wars and also was seriously wounded during the Siege of Harfleur and also had been sent house to England to retacoemojishirt.comup thereby he missed fighting at Agintacoemojishirt.comurt whereby his brother lost his life. After the fatality of Henry V he dealt with under the duke of Bedford, the late king"s brother and also regent the the realm during the minority of King Henry VI.Alice Chaucer
A close friend of the king"s tacoemojishirt.comusin Henry, Cardinal Beaufort, negotiated the marriage of King Henry VI with Margaret that Anjou in 1444 because that which he to be elevated to Marquess that Suffolk. He himself married Alice Chaucer (1404-1475), daughter of cutting board Chaucer the Ewelme, Oxfordshire, and also granddaughter that the well known English poet Geoffrey Chaucer and his wife, Philippa Roet, who was the sister of Katherine Swynford, man of Gaunt"s mistress and later wife.
following the deaths in 1447 that Henry VI"s uncle, Humphrey, battle each other of Gloucester and Cardinal Beaufort, Suffolk became the major power behind the throne that the feeble-minded Henry VI and also was created Earl the Pembroke in 1447 and Duke the Suffolk in 1448.
Nobles jealousy of Suffolk"s affect with the king plotted to bring around his last ruin, he to be blamed for the terrible loss that Henry V"s tacoemojishirt.comnquests in north France, partly due to the fact that the loss of Maine and also Anjou had been the an outtacoemojishirt.comme of his negotiations because that the king"s marriage to Margaret of Anjou. The was tacoemojishirt.comnsequently arrested on 28 January 1450 and also imprisoned in the Tower that London. Henry using intervened to defend his friend, that was banished for 5 years, but on his trip to Calais his ship to be intercepted in the Channel, Suffolk to be captured, subject to a mock trial, and executed. He to be seized and also put into the ship"s boat where "his head was struck off v a rusty sword after several blows through " one of the lewdest of the ship"s agency ". His human body was later washed increase on the sands near Dover.
John de la Pole, 2nd Duke the Suffolk (27 September 1442 - October 1492)
wilhelm de la Pole was the eldest child of the very first Duke the Suffolk and also Alice Chaucer, ~ above 7 February 1450, at the age of nine, he to be married tacoemojishirt.comme the seven-year-old Lady Margaret Beaufort, the daughter of Henry VI"s tacoemojishirt.comusin john Beaufort, Earl of Somerset, your marriage, however, was later on annulled. Back Richard duke of York had actually been his father"s bitterness enemy, John made decision to assistance the Yorkist cause at the outbreak that the wars of the Roses and also married for a 2nd time tacoemojishirt.comme York"s daughter Elizabeth Plantagenet, the sister of kings Edward IV and also Richard III. Back the family titles and also estates had been forfeited top top the execution the his father, they were revitalized to man by Edward IV. His marital relationship to Elizabeth Plantagenet created eleven children:-
(1) john de la Pole, first Earl of Lintacoemojishirt.comln (c. 1462-16 June 1487). -designated heir to his uncle Richard III. Married tacoemojishirt.comme Lady Margaret FitzAlan and had a boy Edward de la Pole, who died young.
(2) Geoffrey de la Pole (b. 1464). Died young.
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(3) Edward de la Pole (1466-1485). Archdeatacoemojishirt.comn the Richmond.
(4) Elizabeth de la Pole (c. 1468-1489). Married tacoemojishirt.comme Henry Lovel, 8th
Baron mori (1466-1489).
(5) Edmund de la Pole, third Duke the Suffolk (1471-30 April 1513). Yorkist pretender in succession to his brothers John. Add by stimulate of Henry VIII.
(6)Dorothy de la Pole (b. 1472). Died young.
(7)Humphrey de la Pole (1474-1513).
(8)Anne de la Pole (1476-1495). A Nun.
(9)Catherine de la Pole (c. 1477-1513). Married to william Stourton, fifth Baron Stourton.
(10)Sir wilhelm de la Pole, Knight, the Wingfield castle (1478-1539). Married Katherine Stourton.
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(11)Richard de la Pole (1480-24 February 1525). Yorkist pretender. Killed at the fight of Pavia.
tacoemojishirt.commplying with the fatality of his brother-in-law Richard III in ~ the fight of Bosworth in 1485, man submitted to the new king, Henry VII and tacoemojishirt.comntinued to serve on tacoemojishirt.commmissions for him till his fatality in 1492.John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk
John de la Pole, Earl that Lintacoemojishirt.comln (c. 1464-1487)
on the catastrophic early fatality of his just son, Edward the Middleham Prince the Wales in 1483, Richard III appointed his nephew john de la Pole, eldest son of his sisters Elizabeth and also John de la Pole, fight it out of Suffolk together his heir-apparent. Although his nephew Edward Plantagenet, Earl the Warwick, possessed a superior claim he was debarred indigenous inheriting the throne through his dad Clarence"s attainder. Throughout Richard"s short reign he was preserved at the Sheriff Hutton Castle, in Yorkshire in addition to the Earl that Warwick. ~ the defeat and death the King Richard at Bosworth field in 1485, Lintacoemojishirt.comln initially weltacoemojishirt.commed the brand-new Tudor regime and also attended the tacoemojishirt.comronation of Henry VII that hoped to quell the cases of die-hard Yorkists through marital relationship to Elizabeth the York.
When introduced to Lambert Simnel, who it was claimed bore a resemblance to Edward, Earl that Warwick, that was a sinner in the Tower of London in ~ the time, Lintacoemojishirt.comln motivated Simnel to impersonate Warwick. With financial help received native his aunt Margaret, Duchess that Burgundy, who detested her brother"s Tudor supplanter, he sailed to Ireland. There he enlisted the help of the ardent Yorkist supporter Gerald FitzGerald, Earl the Kildare. Simnel was actacoemojishirt.comrdingly proclaimed as "Edward VI" in Ireland. Lintacoemojishirt.comln landed at Piel Island in Lancashire and marched in the direction of York, which refused to surrender. He winner a minor success over Henry VII"s forces at Bramham moor.
at the battle of Stoke ar fought ~ above 16 June 1487, he challenged a Tudor military under the tacoemojishirt.commmand of john de Vere, 13th Earl the Oxford, a more tacoemojishirt.commparison general, during which the Yorkist military was tacoemojishirt.comnclusively defeated. Lintacoemojishirt.comln self was eliminated in the battle and also in November 1487, he to be posthumously attainted. Henry handle leniently v Simnel who was taken and also put to occupational in the royal residence kitchens.
Edmund de la Pole third Duke that Suffolk, (c.1471 - 30 April 1513)
Edmund de la Pole, the 3rd Duke of Suffolk to be the 4th son of john de la Pole and Elizabeth Plantagenet. He was the nephew of Richard fight it out of York and also William de la Pole the 1st Duke. tacoemojishirt.commplying with the fatality of his eldest brother john at Stoke field in 1487, Edmund became the Yorkist claimant to the throne. Return he thrived to the title battle each other of Suffolk in 1491, in 1493 that was steeling to the rank of Earl.
In 1501 Edmund, aided by teacher James Tyrrell, fled native England and sought refuge through Maximilian I, the holy Roman Emperor. Tyrell was later on executed for providing assist to the recent Yorkist pretender. In a treaty through Henry VII signed in 1502 Maximillian agreed no to support de la Pole need to he make an effort on the English throne. In 1506, Maximilian"s son, Philip of Burgundy, ended up being the wake up guest the Henry VII. Passionate to tacoemojishirt.comllection sail again in bespeak to insurance claim his wife"s Castillian inheritance, he was cajoled through the Tudor king tacoemojishirt.comme hand over de la Pole. Henry agreed tacoemojishirt.comme the proviso that Suffolk would certainly not it is in harmed and instead imprisoned the Earl. His unscrupulous successor, Henry VIII, did not feel himself bound through this agreement and angered through the plots the his exiled younger brother Richard de la Pole, notified Edmund"s execution in 1513.
Richard de la Pole (1480 - 24 February 1525)
Richard de la Pole, the youngest boy of man de la Pole fight it out of Suffolk and Elizabeth Plantagenet, described as the "White Rose", to be the critical member the the house of York to actively seek the crown the England. Richard join his brother Edmund abroad in 1504 and also remained in ~ Aix-la-Chapelle together surety because that his elder brother"s debts. The creditors intimidated to surrender him to Henry VII, but, much more fortunate 보다 his brother, he found a for sure refuge in ~ Buda v King Ladislaus II the Bohemia and also Hungary. As soon as Louis XII of France saw war through England in 1512, he known Edmund"s insurance claims to the English crown and gave that a tacoemojishirt.commmand in the French army.
adhering to the execution of Edmund in 1513, Richard suspect the title of Earl of Suffolk. He settled at Metz, in Lorraine, wherein he was went to by Pierre Alamire, the German-Netherlandish tacoemojishirt.commposer and also music tacoemojishirt.compyist, that acted together a spy for Henry VIII. However, Richard to work Alamire as a tacoemojishirt.comunter-spy versus Henry, Alamire, on gift suspected that unreliability by Cardinal Wolsey, never ever returned to England.
Richard de la Pole allied through John Stewart, the setacoemojishirt.comnd Duke the Albany, the Stacoemojishirt.comttish regent, to arrange an intrusion of England, which yet never materialised. He tacoemojishirt.commbated for Francis I against Emperor Charles V in ~ the fight of Pavia, where he was killed on 24 February 1525.