by 1920, civilization War i was over. The wartime boom had actually collapsed. Diplomats and also politicians were suggesting over tranquility treaties and the inquiry of America"s entry right into the league of Nations. Abroad there were wars and revolutions; at house there to be strikes, riots and a growing fear the radicals and also terrorists. Disillusionment was in the air.
The giants who had overcame the politics scene because that a generation to be gone -- Theodore Roosevelt passed away in 1919 and also Woodrow Wilson was a damaged invalid life in seclusion. Even so, the presidential choice of 1920 ongoing the debate in between the nationalistic activism of Roosevelt"s presidency and also the worldwide idealism of Wilson"s administration.
~ above June 8, 1920, the republicans nominated Warren G. Harding, an Ohio newspaper editor and also United says Senator, to run for president v Calvin Coolidge, governor of Massachusetts, as his to run mate. The democrats nominated one more newspaper editor native Ohio, governor James M. Cox, as their presidential candidate, and thirty-seven-year-old Franklin Delano Roosevelt for vice president.
The presidential choice of 1920 was the critical election project made accessible to the public solely through the use of document albums. By election night -- November 2, 1920 -- the "election project by phonograph" was a thing of the past, superseded through the an initial commercial radio broadcast coverage of choice returns.
Warren G. Harding, Republican Candidate for President
Warren Harding, publisher and editor that the Ohio Marion Star, was energetic in national politics throughout his life. He offered as one Ohio state city council (1900-1904), as Lieutenant branch of Ohio (1904-1906), and as a United claims Senator (1915-1921). While Harding to be serving in the Senate, the Republican party nominated him as their presidential candidate because that the choice of 1920. Harding"s project promised a go back to "normalcy," rejecting the to work of Theodore Roosevelt and also the idealism the Woodrow Wilson. Voter responded come his genial nature, impressive stature, and bland message; he won by a landslide.
Harding tape-recorded several speeches for the Nation"s Forum. The speech featured right here is the most notable that his campaign, include his well known plea for normalcy: "America"s current need is no heroics however healing; no nostrums but normalcy; not transformation but restoration...not surgery yet serenity."
Audio Selection: "Readjustment." Warren Gamaliel Harding (1865-1923).
Calvin Coolidge, Republican Candidate because that Vice-President
branch Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts an initial achieved nationwide prominence throughout the Boston police win of 1919, as soon as he sent a telegram come Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, saying: "There is no ideal to strike against the public security by anyone, anywhere, any type of time."
Coolidge was a reserved, uncommunicative brand-new Englander; writer and wit Dorothy Parker once remarked the looked as though he had actually been "weaned on a pickle." even so, his apparent integrity and the an easy American worths he espoused shortly made "Silent Cal" a popular figure. He thrived to the presidency top top Harding"s fatality in 1923, and was chosen to the White house in his own right in 1924.
Brief Audio Selection: Law and also Order.
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Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933).
Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, influential Republican, Sister the Theodore Roosevelt
Corinne Roosevelt Robinson to be a regular participant in charities and also politics. Energetic in both the Red Cross and also the Salvation Army, she was likewise a member of the executive, management committee because that the Republican national Committee, and the Republican brand-new York State Committee.
A famous Republican in new York, Corinne Robinson"s prominence grew since the presidential project of 1920 marked the first election in which women could vote. Anxious to lure women"s votes, both the Republican and also Democratic next sought significant women to speak in support of their candidates. In the speech she taped for the Nation"s Forum, Robinson speaks of her assistance for the Republican candidates since they are "one hundred percent American."
Audio Selection: Safeguard America! Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (1861-1933).
James M. Cox, autonomous Candidate because that President
James Cox exercised a variety of trades throughout his life: high college teacher, reporter, owner and also editor of number of newspapers, and also secretary to Congressman Paul Sorg. Cox stood for Ohio in the joined States home of to represent (1909-1913), resigning after winning choice as governor of Ohio (1913-1915, and 1917-1921). He was nominated a candidate because that the presidency by the democratic party if serving together Governor.
Cox tape-recorded for the Nation"s Forum several times. The campaign speech featured here accuses the republic of failing to acknowledge that chairman Wilson"s effective prosecution of the war had, follow to Cox, conserved "civilization."
Audio Selection: The people War. James Middleton Cox (1870-1957).
Franklin D. Roosevelt, democratic Candidate for Vice-President
A Harvard graduate (1904) like his remote cousin Theodore, Franklin Roosevelt began his politics career together a member that the brand-new York state Senate (1910-1913), where he made a surname for himself battling "Tammany Hall," the new York City politics machine. His initiatives in Woodrow Wilson"s 1912 presidential campaign led Wilson to appoint him Assistant Secretary that the marine (1913-1920), a place which Roosevelt preserved throughout world War I. Many thought the thirty-eight-year-old angry presidential candidate to be immature; city council Henry Cabot Lodge explained him together "a well-meaning, nice young fellow, but light...."
In the speech he videotaped for the Nation"s Forum, Roosevelt speak of people War I, promising those who dropped in battle that "it candlestick not happen again.
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Americans demand: The crime of battle shall cease" -- ironic words indigenous the guy who was to lead the country during world War II.