Presentation top top theme: "ANTE TODO the word “se” is regularly used in Spanish in a variety of ways. It deserve to be an extremely confusing. Once you learned indirect and also direct thing pronouns,"— Presentation transcript:


1 ANTE TODO words “se” is frequently used in Spanish in a range of ways. It deserve to be really confusing. As soon as you learned indirect and also direct thing pronouns, friend learned that you space not able to use the indirect object pronoun le or les before lo, la, los, or las. Instead, you adjusted them to “se.” In the case, “se” was supplied as the indirect thing pronoun.(i.e. Le lo = se lo) Indirect: me, te, le, nos, os, les Direct: me, te, lo/la, nos, os, los, las

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2 You additionally learned just how to usage se together the third person reflex pronoun (Él se despierta. Ellos se visten. Ella se baña.). In that situation “se” agrees through the subject, and usually means: himself, herself, yourself, yourselves, themselves. Yo me lavo.I wash myself Nosotros nos lavamos. Us wash ourselves. Tú te lavas. You to wash yourself Vosotros os lávais You to wash yourselves. Ud./Él/Ella se lava Uds./Ellos/Ellas Se lavan. You wash yourself.You to wash yourselves. The washes himself.They wash themselves. She washes herself.They wash themselves.

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3 Se can also be provided to form constructions in i beg your pardon the person performing the action is not expressed or is de-emphasized. Impersonal (passive) Unplanned occasions (unintentional)

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4 Impersonal constructions with seIn Spanish, verb that are not reflexive have the right to be supplied with se to form impersonal constructions. These space statements in which the human performing the activity is no expressed or defined. In English, the passive voice or indefinite topics (you, they, one) are used. Energetic VOICE: Los españoles hablan español en España. Topic verbd.object The Spaniards speak Spanish in Spain. PASSIVE VOICE Se habla español en España. Verb passive subject Spanish is talked in Spain.

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5 Se puede leer en la sala de espera.

You are watching: (you [fam.] dropped) las pastillas.

You have the right to read in the wait room. (One have the right to read in the waiting room.) Se hacen operaciones aquí. They do operations here. (Operations room performed here.) Se necesitan medicinas enseguida. Castle need medication right away. (Medicine is essential right away.)

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6 ¡ATENCIÓN! note that the third person singular verb form is offered with singular nouns and the 3rd person plural form is used with many nouns: Se vende aspirina. Se venden antibióticos.

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7 Impersonal constructions v seYou often see the personally se in signs, advertisements, and directions. Note: If the verb is not followed by a noun, usage the singular kind of the verb. Se prohíbe nadar. Se come muy bien en este restaurante. Swim is prohibited.One eats very well in this restaurant. No se puede entrar. One can not enter. Se necesitan programadores. Programmers are needed. Se entra por la izquierda. One enters with the left.

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8 while signs and advertisements mainly use the existing tense because that the passive voice, you have the right to use any kind of tense in the passive voice. For example. If you to be describing life in the past, for instance in 1960, you might use the imperfect passively to express: Se llevaban minifaldas. (Mini-skirts were worn.) Se escuchaba música roc. (One listened to rock and roll music.)

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9 Se because that unplanned eventsSe is also used to type statements that define accidental or unplanned events. In this construction, the human who performs the action is de-emphasized, so regarding imply the the accident or unplanned occasion is no his or her straight responsibility. You will find that these statements are commonly expressed making use of the preterit and are built using the following pattern.

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10 Se because that unplanned eventsse thing VERB topic PRONOUN Se me perdió el libro. In this form of construction, what would typically be the straight object that the sentence i do not care the subject, and it agrees through the verb, not v the indirect thing pronoun. I.e. Perdí el libro. I shed the book. (I take the blame.) Se me perdió el libro. The publication got lost. The publication lost chin from me.

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11 Verbs commonly used through seThe complying with verbs room the people most typically used through se to explain unplanned events. Caer to fall; come drop perder (e:ie) to lose dañar come damage; to breakdown quedar to it is in left behind olvidar to forget romper to break

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12 Se because that unplanned eventsI.O. PRONOUN VERB subject me, te, le quedó la receta. Cayó SINGULAR la taza. Se dañó la radio. Nos, os, les rompieron las botellas. Olvidaron PLURAL las pastillas. Perdieron ras llaves.

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13 Se me perdió el teléfono de la farmacia. Se nos olvidaron los pasajes.I shed the pharmacy’s call number. Se nos olvidaron los pasajes. Us forgot the tickets.

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14 Al paciente se le perdió la receta.To clarify or emphasize that the person affiliated in the action is, this building and construction commonly begins with the preposition a + or a + . Al paciente se le perdió la receta. The patient shed his prescription. A Diana se le olvidó ir al consultorio ayer. Diana forgot to walk to the doctor’s office yesterday. A mí se me cayeron los cuadernos. Ns dropped the notebooks. A ustedes se les quedaron los libros en casa. You left the publications at home.

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or a + . Al paciente se le perdió la receta. The patient shed his prescription. A Diana se le olvidó ir al consultorio ayer. Diana forgot to walk to the doctor’s office yesterday. A mí se me cayeron los cuadernos. Ns dropped the notebooks. A ustedes se les quedaron los libros en casa. Friend left the publications at home.">

15 ¡ATENCIÓN! if Spanish has a verb for to fall (caer), there is no direct translation for to drop. Dejar caer (let fall) is often used to typical to drop. El médico dejó caer la aspirina. The medical professional dropped the aspirin. Al médico se le cayó la aspirina. The aspirin dropped chin from the doctor.

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16 ¡INTÉNTALO! Completa ras frases de la columna A con se personal y los verbos correspondientes en presente. A (enseñar) ______ cinco lenguas en esta universidad. Se enseñan 2. (comer) ______ muy bien en la cafetería. Se come 3. (vender) ______ muchas pastillas allí. Se venden

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17 4. (servir) ______ platos exquisitos cada noche.

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Se sirven 5. (necesitar) ______ mucho dinero. Se necesita 6. (buscar) ______ secretaria. Se busca

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18 ¡INTÉNTALO! Completa ras frases de la columna B con sey los verbos en pretérito para expresar sucesos imprevistos. B (I broke) ______ las gafas. Se me rompió 2. (You (fam.) dropped) ______ las pastillas. Se te cayeron 3. (They lost) ______ la receta. Se les perdió 2 the 2

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19 4. (You (form.) left) ______ aquí la radiografía.Se le quedó 5. (We forgot) ______ pagar la medicina. Se nos olvidó 6. (They left) ______ los antibióticos en la clínica. Se les quedaron

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